SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF AGRO-TOURISM MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM IN LUBUK KERTANG, LANGKAT REGENCY

Uswatul Hasan, Siti Mardiana, Syahbudin Hasibuan

Abstract


Abstract: Mangrove ecosystem management. Mangrove forests on the east coast of North Sumatra continue to decline based on data from 4 different measurements (1977, 1988/1989, 1997 and 2006), namely 14.01% (remaining to 88,931 ha), 48.56% (remaining to 53,198 ha) and 59.68% (only 41,700 ha remaining) of the initial area of 103,415 ha in 1977 (Onrizal. 2010). The decline in mangrove forests is caused by various land conversion factors, including residential areas, fishery business activities (ponds and aquaculture), clearing of oil palm land and tourism. Development of a sustainable tourism destination based on a case study of the creative economy of the Klong Kone mangrove community, Thailand in 5 (five) ways: 1) Encouraging involvement of the community and related parties, 2). Creative development with various skills 3) Sustainable communities Community cost-based studies Planning new ideas for community-based tourism strategies (Aunkrisa Sangchumnong. 2019). This development model is designed to ensure environmental sustainability for local communities through three things: 1). Preserving and restoring natural resources, 2). Raising awareness of the importance of conserving and restoring natural resources 3). Creating benefits from natural resources and the environment without destroying it. Agrotourism studies can be used as environmental conservation areas that have the potential to preserve mangrove forests and provide economic impacts that can be used as a source of income for the surrounding community. To realize this concept, there needs to be support from various parties, especially the regional government, local communities and what is no less important is promoting mangrove forest agrotourism.

Keywords:

Agro-tourism, Ecosystem, Mangroves, Social Economi, North Sumatra


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References


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